The B-1 Business Visitor status is used for individuals to enter the United States for business purposes for a temporary period of time. For Canadian citizens this is a very quick way to enter the United States, as they do not need a visa prior to entry. Like the TN status, the application process is conducted at a port of entry.
NAFTA expands the B-1 category for Canadian citizens and as a result the application process is not only easier for Canadians, but Canadians are also permitted to partake in a wider range of activities on a B-1 as compared to citizens of other countries. The initial maximum duration of status for a B-1 under NAFTA is one year.
- Work must be temporary. You must leave the United States when finished.
- Work performed must be for a non-United States employer (exceptions for a United States startup company).
- Compensation may not come from the United States – this includes any payment for services or expenses.
- Business activities must be within that which is allowed under the B-1 (see below).
Permissible B-1 Activities (generally*)
- Research and design
- Growth, manufacturing, and production
- After-sales service
*The activities allowable on a B-1 should be analyzed on a case by case basis. Please contact the firm for more information in regard to your particular case.